Moving Inland
Ba'al's Challenge
Obedience and Redemption
Josiah
Resurrection
Resurrection Cycle: descent and ascent
Winners and Losers
     Birth of Christianity
Isolation and Invasion
Hellenistic influence
Insurrection
Two Testaments: two views

Ongoing Research


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  Patriarchal Monotheism

Isolation and Invasion

Roman Gods in the Temple in Jerusalem
the second temple

The Second Temple as imagined in the Holyland Model of Jerusalem, Israel Museum.
"Antiochus wanted to Hellenize the Jews, attempting to introduce the Greek pantheon into the temple. A rebellion ensued and was brutally crushed, but no further action by Antiochus was taken. When Antiochus died in 187 BCE at Luristan, his son Seleucus IV Philopator succeeded him. However, his policies never took effect in Judea, since he was assassinated the year after his ascension.

Antiochus IV Epiphanes succeeded his older brother to the Seleucid throne and immediately adopted his father's previous policy of universal Hellenisation. The Jews rebelled again and Antiochus, in a rage, retaliated in force. Considering the previous episodes of discontent, the Jews became incensed when the religious observances of Sabbath and circumcision were officially outlawed. When Antiochus erected a statue of Zeus in their temple and Hellenic priests began sacrificing pigs (the usual sacrifice offered to the Greek gods in the Hellenic religion), their anger began to spiral."

This exerpt is from a Wikipedia article entitled The Second Temple. See the whole article...