Moving Inland
Ba'al's Challenge
Obedience and Redemption
Josiah
Resurrection
Resurrection Cycle: descent and ascent
Winners and Losers
     Birth of Christianity
Isolation and Invasion
Hellenistic influence
Insurrection
Two Testaments: two views

Ongoing Research


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  Patriarchal Monotheism

The Birth of Christianity

"By the time that Jesus is said to have lived, patriarchal Judaism was not only stifling but had failed completely in its promise. The lands of the Jews were occupied by idolaters; their Jahweh publicly mocked and completely ineffectual. The last resort of a cleric who is unable to deliver the promises he has made in the name of his god is to denounce the people for their lack of piety. Women and the rural poor especially felt the opprobrium of a fanatical priesthood, as they were blamed for causing Jahweh to turn away from his people and allow the occupation of their land by infidels." ~ From Why Men Made God, page 197.

"Bride Price was the practice in pre-literate societies whereby the groom was expected to pay an amount sufficient to compensate the bride’s family for the loss of labor when she moved to her husband’s home. This may have been the motivation behind Laban’s demand in Genesis 29 that Jacob work two consecutive seven-year terms in order to earn the right to marry Leah and Rachel. In Exodus 22:16-17 we read that a man who lies with an unbetrothed virgin must pay the marriage present and marry her. In Deuteronomy 22: 28-29, we learn that a man who rapes an unbetrothed virgin must pay 50 shekels to her father and marry her. (A raped woman was considered unmarriageable: a forced marriage to her rapist was thought to be better than no marriage at all.) These references would appear to suggest the existence of a system where men purchased their wives and had to pay real money, but fifty shekels was a reasonable wage for a worker for five years and would be well beyond the resources of the average suitor. Such a sum might be compensation for an act of rape but could hardly be, as some have suggested, the normal price for a bride."

~ From "Women and the Law in Ancient Israel", a sub-section of "Women in the Ancient World - the status role and daily life of women in the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Rome, Athens, Israwl and Babylonia", 2010, by James C. Thompson B.A., M.Ed. Read more...

Hebrew clothing maleHebrew clothing female

"There are many different sections of the Ancient Hebrew dress. Some of these parts are the Inner Garment (also known as the tunic or shirt), the Outer Tunic or Robe, the Girdle, the Outer Garment or Mantle, and the Headdress.

The tunic was a shirt that was worn next to the skin. It was made out of leather, haircloth, wool, or linen. Both sexes wore tunics but they was a difference in the style and pattern. For men, the tunic came down to the knees and was fastened at the waist by a girdle of leather or cloth. Female tunics were very similar to the males, but went down to their ankles.

There were and still are two different kinds of girdles. These girdles are normally either made out of leather, linen, or even sometimes silk. For the most part, girdles served as pouch to keep money and other things that an individual might need. It was also used to fasten a man's sword to his body. Hence the girdle was a very important part of a man's attire.

The outer garment (kesut) also covered one while sleeping and was the final and most important part of one's wardrobe. The male and female version of the outer garment were also similar but were different in style. There were also different types of outer garments. For example, women wore special outwear when they were widowed. All outer garments went to right above the ankles and had a hood (women) or ended at the middle of the calf (man)." ~ from an article by Heather Breining found on the Ancient Hebrew Research Centre website.