Moving Inland
     Civilisation Without War
Human Nature
     Why Men Invented God

Ongoing Research

All photos, maps and other images can be clicked on to take you to the site where we found the image. If you own the copyright to any such image and do not want us to publicise it for you in this way, please contact the webmaster and it will be removed.

  Redefining the Sacred


Review "Caral".

Caral, Peru

"In 2001, the oldest town in South America was officially announced. Dating to 2600 BCE, it pushed back the date for the “first town” [by] one millennium. What is even more intriguing, is that the town of Caral has pyramids, contemporary with the Egyptian Pyramid Era." ~ Philip Coppens, from Caral: the oldest town in the New World. For more pictures and details, visit the web page.

"The Norte Chico civilization (also Caral or Caral-Supe civilization) was a complex pre-Columbian era society that included as many as thirty major population centers in what is now the Norte Chico region of north-central coastal Peru. The civilization flourished between the fourth and second millennia BC, with the formation of the first city generally dated to around 3500 BC..." from Norte Chico civilization, Wikepedia. Read more...

Sacred City of Caral-Supe (UNESCO/NHK). UNESCO/NHK. Published Sept. 20, 2013.

"The 5000-year-old 626-hectare archaeological site of The Sacred City of Caral-Supe is situated on a dry desert terrace overlooking the green valley of the Supe river. It dates back to the Late Archaic Period of the Central Andes and is the oldest centre of civilization in the Americas. Exceptionally well-preserved, the site is impressive in terms of its design and the complexity of its architectural, especially its monumental stone and earthen platform mounts and sunken circular courts. ~ from Sacred City of Caral-Supe description on the UNESCO website. A Gallery of photos is also availble there. Visit the site to see more...